ANNENBERG, WALTER H. (1908–2002), editor and diplomat; publisher of the oldest U.S. daily newspaper, the Philadelphia Inquirer; head of one of America's largest communications chains. Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Walter was the son of Moses L. Annenberg (1878–1942), a newspaper publisher who had added the Inquirer to his chain in 1936. Walter became president of Triangle Publications Inc. in 1942. Subsequently he also acquired the holdings of another Philadelphia newspaper, the tabloid Daily News, six radio and television stations, and two mass circulation national magazines: Seventeen and TV Guide – which reached a circulation of 17 million per issue, making it a competitor with Reader's Digest as the magazine with the largest circulation. The horse racing daily, the Daily Racing Form, also came under his control. In 1969 he sold the Philadelphia Inquirer and the Philadelphia Daily News to the Knight-Ridder chain, while the Triangle Publications communications empire was sold to Australian media magnate Rupert Murdoch in 1988 for $3 billion. A public benefactor with a wide range of philanthropic and civic interests, Annenberg founded and became president of the M.L. Annenberg School of Communications at his alma mater, the University of Pennsylvania. He also became president of the M.L. Annenberg Foundation and of the Annenberg Fund, charitable foundations devoted to supporting higher education, medical research, music, and community welfare. In 1969 he was appointed U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom. In 1977 Annenberg underwent a hip replacement operation at Philadelphia's Pennsylvania Hospital. He was so pleased with the outcome of the surgery that he gave the institution $2 million to found a hip replacement institute, named after his physician Dr. Richard Rothman. Generous to many of his friends, Annenberg paid most of the bills to add a bowling lane in the White House during Richard Nixon's years and installed a swimming pool at Chequers, the English country home of the prime minister of Great Britain. Annenberg donated more than $17,500,000 to refurbish Philadelphia's Academy of Music, and an additional $10 million to endow the chair of Music Director Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra. In 1981 Annenberg was elected trustee emeritus of the board of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, which he had joined in 1974. In 1991 he made the decision to bequeath his collection of French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist art, valued at some $1 billion, to the Museum; this constituted the largest gift of its kind in some 50 years. His $50 million contribution to the United Negro College Fund in 1990 represented the largest single donation ever given to African-American higher education in the United States. In 1993 his foundation donated a total of $365 million – then the largest one-time gift ever given to private education in America – to the universities of Harvard, Southern California, and Pennsylvania, and to his prep school, the Peddie School in New Jersey. He also made a major donation to dropsie University (formerly Dropsie College), the center for Jewish learning in Philadelphia, which in 1986 became the Annenberg Research Institute. In 1986 Annenberg was awarded the nation's highest civilian honor, the Medal of Freedom. He also won the George   Foster Peabody Award in 1987. In 1992 he was inducted into the Broadcast Pioneers Hall of Fame. In 2001 the Annenberg Foundation gave $100 million each to the communications schools named after him at the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Southern California. At the same time, the Annenberg Foundation gave the Philadelphia Art Museum a cash gift of $20 million, the largest gift in the institution's 125-year history. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Lundberg, Imperial Hearst (1936), 151 ff.; W.A. Swanberg, Citizen Hearst (1961), 27. (Irving Rosenthal / Rohan Saxena and Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Annenberg, Walter H. — ▪ 1995       In 1994 many people considered the life of Walter Annenberg an American success story: an immigrant s son who gained renown as a publisher, an ambassador, an art collector, and one of the most important philanthropists in the U.S. It …   Universalium

  • Annenberg, Walter Hubert — ▪ 2003       American publisher and philanthropist (b. March 13, 1908, Milwaukee, Wis. d. Oct. 1, 2002, Wynnewood, Pa.), used his wealth to promote conservative political causes and to support education and the arts. He was the son of an… …   Universalium

  • Annenberg — may refer to: * Moses Annenberg * Walter Annenberg * Leonore Annenberg, former United States Chief of Protocol and current head of the Annenberg Foundation * The Annenberg Foundation * The Annenberg School for Communication at the University of… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Annenberg — Walter Hubert Annenberg, KBE (* 13. März 1908 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; † 1. Oktober 2002 in Wynnewood, Pennsylvania) war ein US amerikanischer Diplomat, Verleger und Kunstmäzen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Annenberg — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Moses Annenberg (1877–1942), amerikanischer Publizist und Mobster Walter Annenberg (1908–2002), amerikanischer Philanthrop sowie der Name des Tiroler Adelsgeschlechts von Annenberg Johann Arbogast von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Walter Annenberg — Infobox Officeholder name = Walter Hubert Annenberg caption = Walter Annenberg (center) with wife Leonore (left) and President Ronald Reagan, 1981 imagesize = 220px birth date = birth date|1908|3|13|mf=y birth place = Milwaukee, Wisconsin death… …   Wikipedia

  • Annenberg Foundation — The Annenberg Foundation, a charitable family trust, was created on July 1, 1989 by media magnate and former Ambassador to the Court of St. James s Walter H. Annenberg. Initial funding of $1.2 billion came from the sale of Triangle Publications,… …   Wikipedia

  • Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania — There are multiple Annenberg Schools. For the communciations school at USC see USC Annenberg School for Communication. See also the general Annenberg disambiguation page. The Annenberg School for Communication is the communications school at the… …   Wikipedia

  • Annenberg Center for Communication — The Annenberg Center for Communication (ACC) at the University of Southern California promotes interdisciplinary research in communications between the USC School of Cinematic Arts, Viterbi School of Engineering, and the separate USC Annenberg… …   Wikipedia

  • Annenberg Public Policy Center — The Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) is a center for the study of public policy at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. It has offices in Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia, where the University of… …   Wikipedia

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